As has been noted only 2 out of 21 RA government members (prime minister, 3 deputy prime ministers, 17 ministers) are female ministers.
At June 4 Media Center discussion on «Women in the New Government and Political Processes» human rights advocate Zara Hovhannisyan noted that the inertia state and convictions about women’s public activeness remain as before after “velvet revolution”.
«The new government had a lot to do. The note that was to change public perceptions was not struck”, Hovhannisyan says.
The speaker proposes amendments in the Election Code namely raising women’s quota to 30%.
“I think a clause should be also included on replacing a leaving female MP with another female MP. In fact as Mane Tandilyan joined the government she was replaced by a male MP”, Hovhannisyan notes.
Gohar Shahnazaryan, Director of YSU Center For Gender and Leadership Studies emphasizes the existence of gender equality problems within the parties.
“Last year we conducted a survey among all parties. To start with, no party has gender policy strategy. They lack a plan to engage women. We respect and love women, we congratulate them on March 8 and so on and that is a vulnerable approach. Another approach is saying that women themselves don’t want to be engaged in politics, those women get married and leave. And fewer people held the view that the problem lies at the goal keepers. I think we face a problem of raising public awareness and we must seriously work both with the parties and with the government”, says Shanhnazaryan.
Իրինա Ղափլանյանը, political scientist thinks that the revolution is just starting and the intense struggle is yet to come.
“We conducted a survey two years ago where we raised a few questions. The first reason is the patriarchal conservative complexes of our society. Another reason is the corruption. Culturally we perceive politics as corrupted and filthy field and given the conservative stereotypes a woman should not step into such a field. There is no public demand for women in politics. This attributes to the existence of stereotypes among the society that women are viewed as doers and men as decision makers»,- stresses Ghaplanyan.
She notes that the problem is multisided and there must be a strategy in cultural, educational and public dimensions. Ghaplanyan also emphasizes legislative amendments.
Arman Gharibyan, Co-founder of “Human Rights Power” NGO has a positive attitude to quota system.
“I am for quotas at lower levels, that is in parties. That’s an adopted practice in Scandinavia”, he says.
The idea that women are not active and not ready to assume political responsibility is ungrounded for him.
“It is political blindness to assert that there are no such women. Many are the women who lead NGOs and are known for their brave positions”, stresses Gharibyan.
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Lilit Arakelyan, Media Center Editor/ Coordinator.
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